In Rita Santos (ed.), The Deep State. New York: Greenhaven Publishing. pp. 17-20 (2018)

Shane Ralston
University of Ottawa (PhD)
The notion of the “deep state” or a “state within a state” is creepy, to say the least. It indicates the existence of a shadowy group of unelected bureaucrats deeply embedded in the military-intelligence establishment secretly manipulating government policy. International relations scholars and public administration experts associate deep states with authoritarian regimes, such as Egypt, Turkey, Pakistan and pre-civil-war Syria. However, as we’re finding out, the U.S. has its own deep state. While some media outlets portray deep state talk as tantamount to conspiracy theory, the deep state is quite real.
Keywords deep state  conspiracy theories
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