Synthese 199 (3-4):7131-7157 (2021)

Hsueh Qu
National University of Singapore
This paper will make the case that we can find in Kant’s Second Analogy a substantive response to Hume’s argument on induction. This response is substantive insofar as it does not merely consist in independently arguing for the opposite conclusion, but rather, it identifies and exploits a gap in this argument. More specifically, Hume misses the possibility of justifying the uniformity of nature as a synthetic a priori proposition, which Kant looks to establish in the Second Analogy. Note that the focus on the paper is on Kant’s identification of the form that a solution to Hume’s inductive scepticism must take. In making this point, my paper will look to establish two lemmas: Kant identifies synthetic a priori judgments as a means of justifying metaphysical knowledge in a way that circumvents Hume’s dichotomy between matters of fact and relations of ideas; the Second Analogy looks to establish the uniformity of nature of as a synthetic a priori proposition. However, my paper generally abstains from the question of the tenability of Kant’s argument in the Second Analogy. Doing justice to this latter discussion would require more space than I am able to offer here. My paper therefore has a conditional bearing on the philosophical issue of inductive scepticism. If one believes Kant’s Second Analogy to be philosophically cogent, then Kant offers a successful justification of induction against Hume’s scepticism. If not, then at least one can still admire Kant’s identification of the gap in Hume’s argument, which, to a degree, can be exploited independently of Kant’s system.
Keywords Hume  Kant  Induction  A priori  Analytic
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-021-03107-6
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 69,160
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Problems of Philosophy.Bertrand Russell - 1912 - Home University Library.
Critique of Pure Reason.I. Kant - 1787/1998 - Philosophy 59 (230):555-557.
Naming and Necessity.S. Kripke - 1972 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 45 (4):665-666.
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.David Hume - 1955 - In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press. pp. 112.

View all 79 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Kant's Response to Hume in the Second Analogy.Saniye Vatansever - 2015 - Dissertation, University of Illinois, Chicago
Popper and Synthetic Judgements A Priori.Michael Drieschner - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (1):49-61.
Kant's Critique of Metaphysics.Damian Ilodigwe - 2015 - WAJOPS West African Journal of Philosophical Studies 17:130-154.
Kant’s Response to Hume in the Second Analogy: A Critique of Gerd Buchdahl’s and Michael Friedman’s Accounts.Saniye Vatansever - 2018 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 8 (2):310–346.
Kant's Reply to Hume in the Second Analogy.Gordon Steinhoff - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 10:106-112.
Kant and the Apriority of Mathematics.Erik Stenius - 1981 - Dialectica 35 (1):147-166.
Causality From Kant’s Viewpoint.Reza Bakhshayesh - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 10 (37):33-56.
Sense, Reason and Causality in Hume and Kant.A. Nuyen - 1990 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 81 (1):57.
Does Kant Demand Explanations for All Synthetic A Priori Claims?Colin Marshall - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (3):549-576.
An Examination of Kant's Second Analogy.Lori Nash - 1995 - Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):49-69.


Added to PP index

Total views
28 ( #405,972 of 2,499,274 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
10 ( #72,910 of 2,499,274 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes