Synthese 193 (9) (2016)

Aleta Quinn
University of Idaho
I respond to the bad lot argument in the context of biological systematics. The response relies on the historical nature of biological systematics and on the availability of pattern explanations. The basic assumption of common descent enables systematic methodology to naturally generate candidate explanatory hypotheses. However, systematists face a related challenge in the issue of character analysis. Character analysis is the central problem for contemporary systematics, yet the general problem of which it is a case—what counts as evidence?—has not been adequately discussed by proponents of inference to the best explanation. Facing this problem is the price of adopting abductive methods. I sketch an account of how systematists approach the problem of evidence
Keywords Inference to the best explanation  Abduction  Bad lot  Evidence  Systematics  Phylogenetics
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Reprint years 2016
DOI 10.1007/s11229-015-0908-9
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References found in this work BETA

Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 1991 - London and New York: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group.
Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 1991 - London and New York: Routledge.
Phylogenetic Systematics.Willi Hennig - 1966 - University of Illinois Press.
Laws and Symmetry.Bas C. van Fraassen - 1989 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 182 (3):327-329.

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Citations of this work BETA

Truth-Seeking by Abduction.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2018 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
When is a Cladist Not a Cladist?Aleta Quinn - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (4):581-598.
Fifty Shades of Cladism.Andrew V. Z. Brower - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (1-2):8.
El estatus fáctico de la cladística: aportes desde una reconstrucción estructuralista.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2020 - Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 11 (1):53-72.

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