Proportionality, wrongs and equipoise for natural immunity exemptions: response to commentators

Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (11):881-883 (2022)
  Copy   BIBTEX


We would like to thank each of the commentators on our feature article for their thoughtful engagement with our arguments. All the commentaries raise important questions about our proposed justification for natural immunity exemptions to COVID-19 vaccine mandates. Thankfully, for some of the points raised, we can simply signal our agreement. For instance, Reiss is correct to highlight that our article did not address the important US-centric considerations she helpfully raises and fruitfully discusses. We also agree with Williams about the need to provide a clear rationale for mandates, and to obtain different kinds of data in support of possible policies.Unfortunately, we lack the space to engage with every one of the more critical comments raised in this rich set of commentaries; as such, in this response, we shall focus on a discussion of hybrid immunity, which underlies a number of different arguments evident in the commentaries, before concluding with some reflections responding to Lipsitch’s concern about the appropriate standard of proof in this context.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,227

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Response to Commentators on “The Real Problem with Equipoise”.Winston Chiong - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):W42-W45.
Revisiting equipoise: A response to Gifford.Paul B. Miller & Charles Weijer - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (3):227-246.
Response to My Commentators.Nicholas Wolterstorff - 2010 - Studies in Christian Ethics 23 (2):197-204.
Mala Prohibita and Proportionality.Youngjae Lee - 2021 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 15 (3):425-446.
What Kind of Principle Is Clinical Equipoise?Luca Chiapperino & Cecilia Nardini - 2014 - Theoretical and Applied Ethics 3 (1):1-16.
Public Wrongs and the Criminal Law.Ambrose Y. K. Lee - 2015 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 9 (1):155-170.
A partial defense of clinical equipoise.Scott D. Gelfand - 2019 - Research Ethics 15 (2):1-17.
The constitutional structure of proportionality.Matthias Klatt - 2012 - Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. Edited by Moritz Meister.


Added to PP

19 (#803,294)

6 months
12 (#220,085)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Jonathan Pugh
University of Oxford
Dominic Wilkinson
Oxford University

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations