Listening from within

Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (10-12):10-12 (2009)
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Abstract

In this paper we list the various criticisms that have been formulated against introspection, from Auguste Comte denying that consciousness can observe itself, to recent criticisms of the reliability of first person descriptions. We show that these criticisms rely on the one hand on poor knowledge of the introspective process, and on the other hand on a naïve conception of scientific objectivity. Two kinds of answers are offered: the first one is grounded on a refined description of the process of becoming aware of one's experience and describing it, the second one relies on a comparison with the methods of the experimental sciences. We conclude the article by providing a renewed definition of 'the truth' of a first person description

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Author Profiles

Michel Bitbol
University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

References found in this work

Phénoménologie de la perception.M. Merleau-Ponty - 1949 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 5 (4):466-466.
Phenomenologie de la Perception.Aron Gurwitsch - 1950 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 10 (3):442-445.
Unsymbolized thinking.Russell T. Hurlburt & Sarah A. Akhter - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1364-1374.

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