Vivarium 52 (3-4):261-286 (2014)

Dominik Perler
Humboldt-University, Berlin
It seems quite natural that we have cognitive access not only to things around us, but also to our own acts of perceiving and thinking. How is this access possible? How is it related to the access we have to external things? And how certain is it? This paper discusses these questions by focusing on Francisco Suárez’s theory, which gives an account of various forms of access to oneself and thereby presents an elaborate theory of consciousness. It argues that Suárez clearly distinguishes between first-order sensory consciousness and second-order intellectual consciousness. Moreover, Suárez attempts to explain the unity of consciousness by referring to a single soul with hierarchically ordered faculties that is responsible both for first-order and for second-order consciousness.
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DOI 10.1163/15685349-12341277
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Virtual Reflection: Antoine Arnauld on Descartes' Concept of Conscientia.Daniel Schmal - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (4):714-734.

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