Labor and Social Relations 30 (6):185-196 (2020)

Authors
Vasil Penchev
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Abstract
If the concept of “free will” is reduced to that of “choice” all physical world shares the latter quality. Anyway the “free will” can be distinguished from the “choice”: The “free will” involves implicitly a certain goal, and the choice is only the mean, by which the aim can be achieved or not by the one who determines the target. Thus, for example, an electron has always a choice but not free will unlike a human possessing both. Consequently, and paradoxically, the determinism of classical physics is more subjective and more anthropomorphic than the indeterminism of quantum mechanics for the former presupposes certain deterministic goal implicitly following the model of human freewill behavior. Quantum mechanics introduces the choice in the fundament of physical world involving a generalized case of choice, which can be called “subjectless”: There is certain choice, which originates from the transition of the future into the past. Thus that kind of choice is shared of all existing and does not need any subject: It can be considered as a low of nature. There are a few theorems in quantum mechanics directly relevant to the topic: two of them are called “free will theorems” by their authors (Conway and Kochen 2006; 2009). Any quantum system either a human or an electron or whatever else has always a choice: Its behavior is not predetermined by its past. This is a physical law. It implies that a form of information, the quantum information underlies all existing for the unit of the quantity of information is an elementary choice: either a bit or a quantum bit (qubit).
Keywords axiom of choice  choice  free will  free will theorems  goal  hidden variables  quantum information  quantum mechanics
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References found in this work BETA

The Non-Reality of Free Will.Richard Double - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
The Free Will Theorem.John Conway & Simon Kochen - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (10):1441-1473.
The Non-Reality of Free Will.Richard Double - 1993 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 34 (2):124-125.
Free Will and the Modal Principle.John Martin Fischer & Mark Ravizza - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 83 (3):213-30.

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