PHILOSOPHICAL AND HUMANISTIC POSTMODERN VIEWS (2012)

Authors
Antonio Pele
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro
Abstract
This paper aims to understand Kant’s conception of Enlightenment and, in particular the idea of “Sapere Aude” (dare to think for yourself), described in his article published in 1784 An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment ? where he defines pre-enlightened people as living in a self-imposed “minority”. In the first part of the article, I will develop this notion, along with a process of domestication of human beings. In the second part, I will examine the solutions proposed to overcome this situation, with particular emphasis on the development by the State, of the so-called “public use of reason”.
Keywords Kant  Sapere Aude  Enlightenment
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Lectures on Kant’s Political Philosophy.Hannah Arendt - 1982 - University of Chicago Press.
Four Essays on Liberty.Isaiah Berlin - 1969 - Oxford University Press.

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