Antonio Pele
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro
This paper aims to understand Kant’s conception of Enlightenment and, in particular the idea of “Sapere Aude” (dare to think for yourself), described in his article published in 1784 An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment ? where he defines pre-enlightened people as living in a self-imposed “minority”. In the first part of the article, I will develop this notion, along with a process of domestication of human beings. In the second part, I will examine the solutions proposed to overcome this situation, with particular emphasis on the development by the State, of the so-called “public use of reason”.
Keywords Kant  Sapere Aude  Enlightenment
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Lectures on Kant’s Political Philosophy.Hannah Arendt - 1982 - University of Chicago Press.
Four Essays on Liberty.Isaiah Berlin - 1969 - Oxford University Press.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Kant’s Conception of Enlightenment.Henry E. Allison - 2000 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 7:35-44.
Enlightenment and Freedom.Jonathan Peterson - 2008 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (2):pp. 223-244.
Kant's Argument for the Apperception Principle.Melissa McBay Merritt - 2011 - European Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):59-84.
A Philosophical and Critical Analysis of the European Convention of Bioethics.Gilbert Hottois - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (2):133 – 146.
Kant on Enlightened Moral Pedagogy.Melissa Mcbay Merritt - 2011 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (3):227-53.
Liberalism and Enlightenment in Eighteenth‐Century Germany.James Schmidt - 1999 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 13 (1-2):31-53.
Kant’s Experiential Enlightenment and Court Philosophy in the 18th Century.Holly L. Wilson - 2001 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 18 (April 2001):179-205.


Added to PP index

Total views
3,886 ( #803 of 2,498,540 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
573 ( #648 of 2,498,540 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes