Philosophia (Philippines) 23 (1):135-151 (2022)

Authors
Prasasti Pandit
West Bengal Education Service
Abstract
This paper explores the value of benevolence as a cardinal virtue by analyzing the evolving history of virtue ethics from ancient Greek tradition to emotivism and contemporary thoughts. First, I would like to start with a brief idea of virtue ethics. Greek virtue theorists recognize four qualities of moral character, namely, wisdom, temperance, courage, and justice. Christianity recognizes unconditional love as the essence of its theology. Here I will analyze the transition within the doctrine of virtue ethics in the Christian era and afterward since the eighteenth-century thinkers are immensely inspired by this Christian notion of love consider universal benevolence as the cardinal virtue. Later, Hume introduces an emotivist turn by considering the moral worth of sympathetic emotions in his ethical doctrine. In this paper, I aim to discover the cardinality of the virtue of benevolence following the evolutionary history of virtue ethics.
Keywords virtue  benevolence  cardinal virtue  self-regarding virtues  Christianity  other-regarding virtues  emotivist turn  Neo Aristotelean era
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References found in this work BETA

After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory.Alasdair C. MacIntyre - 1983 - University of Notre Dame Press.
Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes - 1651 - Harmondsworth, Penguin.
On Virtue Ethics.Rosalind Hursthouse - 1999 - Oxford University Press.

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