Philosophia (Philippines) 23 (1):135-151 (2022)

Prasasti Pandit
West Bengal Education Service
This paper explores the value of benevolence as a cardinal virtue by analyzing the evolving history of virtue ethics from ancient Greek tradition to emotivism and contemporary thoughts. First, I would like to start with a brief idea of virtue ethics. Greek virtue theorists recognize four qualities of moral character, namely, wisdom, temperance, courage, and justice. Christianity recognizes unconditional love as the essence of its theology. Here I will analyze the transition within the doctrine of virtue ethics in the Christian era and afterward since the eighteenth-century thinkers are immensely inspired by this Christian notion of love consider universal benevolence as the cardinal virtue. Later, Hume introduces an emotivist turn by considering the moral worth of sympathetic emotions in his ethical doctrine. In this paper, I aim to discover the cardinality of the virtue of benevolence following the evolutionary history of virtue ethics.
Keywords virtue  benevolence  cardinal virtue  self-regarding virtues  Christianity  other-regarding virtues  emotivist turn  Neo Aristotelean era
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory.Alasdair C. MacIntyre - 1983 - University of Notre Dame Press.
Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes - 1651 - Harmondsworth, Penguin.
On Virtue Ethics.Rosalind Hursthouse - 1999 - Oxford University Press.

View all 25 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Primacy of Virtue in Ethics.Mary Ella Savarino - 1988 - Dissertation, The University of Iowa
Introduction: Virtue and Vice.Heather Battaly - 2010 - Metaphilosophy 41 (1-2):1-21.
Moral Virtues.Georg Spielthenner - 2004 - [email protected] - An International Journal for Moral Philosophy 3 (1):27-35.
Moral Virtues, Epistemic Virtues, and the Big Five.Christian Miller - 2014 - In Flanagan Owen & Fairweather Abrol (eds.), Naturalizing Virtue. Cambridge University Press. pp. 92-117.
Driver's Virtues.Michael Slote - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (1):22-32.
Docility, Virtue of Virtues: Lévinas and Virtue-Ethics.Michael Barber - 1998 - International Philosophical Quarterly 38 (2):119-126.
Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism.Justin Tiwald - 2018 - In Nancy E. Snow (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Virtue. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 171-89.
Reconsidering Ren as Virtue and Benevolence.George Rudebusch - 2013 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 40 (3-4):456-472.
Uneasy Virtue.Julia Driver - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
Virtues and Their Vices.Timpe Kevin & Boyd Craig (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kant's Conception of Virtue.Lara Denis - 2006 - In Paul Guyer (ed.), Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.


Added to PP index

Total views
149 ( #78,554 of 2,506,844 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
149 ( #4,221 of 2,506,844 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes