God and Time: Toward a New Doctrine of Divine Timeless Eternity*: ALAN G. PADGETT

Religious Studies 25 (2):209-215 (1989)
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Abstract

In this essay I wish to defend the intuition that God transcends time, of which he is the Creator. To do this, I will develop a new understanding of the term ‘timeless eternity’ as it applies to God. This assumes the inadequacy of the traditional notion of divine eternity, as it is found in Boethius, Anselm and Aquinas. Very briefly, the reasons for this inadequacy are as follows. God sustains the universe, which means in part that he is responsible for the fundamental ontological status of things. Because the universe is an everchanging reality, things do change in their fundamental ontological status at different times – a change we must ascribe to God, and cannot ascribe to the objects themselves, since this has to do with their very existence. God himself, therefore, does different things at different times. This implies change in God. Whenever a change occurs, a duration occurs. Therefore, God is in time. But I do not think it is proper to say that God is in our time. God transcends time, and he is the Creator of our space-time. It is theologically more proper to say that we are in God's time, and I will adopt this language here

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Analyzing Aseity.Sarah Adams & Jon Robson - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (2):251-267.
Eternity, knowledge, and freedom.Joseph Diekemper - 2013 - Religious Studies 49 (1):45-64.

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