Ludus Vitalis 21 (39):45-65 (2013)

Agustin Ostachuk
Universidad Nacional de San Martin (UNSAM)
The organism against its environment. The organism against other organisms, competing and struggling for life. Antagonism and confrontment as the only possible relation in nature. The tendency to anthropomorphize nature and explain it using concepts and facts from the human sphere. A stroll through the worlds of Uexküll and Merleau-Ponty in the search of alternative knowledge that allow us to understand relation from another point of view. A counterpoint and identification of common tonalities between the research programs from both thinkers as a way to demonstrate the possibilities of a more fruitful approach. Umwelt as a generative system of meaningful relations in which its participants are not mutually exclusive, but express a melody that include them all.
Keywords Umwelt  Uexküll  Merleau-Ponty  Theoretical Biology  Functional circle  Perceptual World  Operational World  Relation  Purpose  Teleology  Meaning
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