Cognition 31 (2):117-140 (1989)

Authors
Alan Garnham
University of Sussex
Abstract
In this paper we investigate the locus of believability effects in syllogistic reasoning. We identify three points in the reasoning process at which such effects could occur: the initial interpretation of premises, the examination of alternative representations of them (in all of which any valid conclusion must be true), and the “filtering” of putative conclusions. The effect of beliefs at the first of these loci is well established. In this paper we report three experiments that examine whether beliefs have an effect at the other two loci. In experiments 1 and 2 subjects drew their own conclusions from syllogisms that suggested believable or unbelievable ones. In the third experiment they evaluated conclusions that were presented to them. The data show that beliefs both affect the examination of alternative models and act as a filter on putative conclusions. We conclude by showing how some types of problem and some problem contents make the existence of alternative models more obvious than others.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/0010-0277(89)90020-6
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 72,564
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Cognitive Processes in Propositional Reasoning.Lance J. Rips - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (1):38-71.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Is Logicist Cognitive Science Possible?Alan Garnham - 1993 - Mind and Language 8 (1):49-71.

View all 82 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Belief Bias in Informal Reasoning.Valerie Thompson & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):278 - 310.
Reasoning with Quantifiers.Bart Geurts - 2003 - Cognition 86 (3):223--251.
An Atmosphere Effect in Formal Syllogistic Reasoning.R. S. Woodworth & S. B. Sells - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (4):451.
Mediated Facilitation of Syllogistic Reasoning.Jean A. Pezzoli & Lawrence T. Frase - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (2p1):228.
Associative Factors in Syllogistic Reasoning.Lawrence T. Frase - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (3p1):407.
The Effect of Benzedrine Sulfate on Syllogistic Reasoning.T. G. Andrews - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (4):423.
Is Aristotle's Syllogistic a Logic?Phil Corkum - forthcoming - History and Philosophy of Logic.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2014-01-20

Total views
25 ( #460,449 of 2,533,570 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #390,861 of 2,533,570 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes