Diametros 51:65-89 (2017)

Abstract
Biomedical sciences cannot answer the question who should be saved from death if not everyone can be. This is an ethical issue. However, we face exactly this question when deliberating on the criteria for organ allocation. The main aim of this article is to formulate a pluralistic theory of just distribution of organs, which incorporates the tenets of utilitarianism, egalitarianism and sufficientarianism. Each constituent theory adopts a different value as a criterion for organ allocation. For utilitarianism it is a health benefit for the patient, for egalitarianism it is the ratio of deserts and health-related well being, for sufficientarianism what is important is that the candidate for a transplant be situated below the sufficientarian threshold. The article presents a proposal to reconcile these three competing theories.
Keywords organ allocation  sufficientarianism  Derek Parfit  utilitarianism  prioritarianism  egalitaryzm  Roger Crisp  egalitarianism  etyka transplantacji  priorytaryzm  transplantation ethics
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.13153/diam.51.2017.1032
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,587
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Medizinische Ethik Und Organtransplantation.Thomas Gutmann - 1998 - Ethik in der Medizin 10 (1):58-67.
The Supply Side of Organ Allocation.Axel Ockenfels & Joachim Weimann - 2001 - Analyse & Kritik 23 (2):280-285.
Justice and the Macroallocation of Human Donor Organs.Michael James Booker - 1990 - Dissertation, The University of Tennessee
Earning Points for Moral Behavior: Organ Allocation Based on Reciprocity.An Ravelingien & André Krom - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (1):73-83.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2017-03-27

Total views
37 ( #296,786 of 2,461,964 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #298,909 of 2,461,964 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes