Knowing How, Knowing That, Knowing Technology

Philosophy and Technology 28 (4):553-565 (2015)
  Copy   BIBTEX


A wide variety of skills, abilities and knowledge are used in technological activities such as engineering design. Together, they enable problem solving and artefact creation. Gilbert Ryle’s division of knowledge into knowing how and knowing that is often referred to when discussing this technological knowledge. Ryle’s view has been questioned and criticised by those who claim that there is only one type, for instance, Jason Stanley and Timothy Williamson who claim that knowing how is really a form of knowing that and Stephen Hetherington who claims that knowing that is knowing how. Neither Ryle himself nor any of his critics have discussed technological knowledge. Exposing both Ryle’s and his critics’ ideas to technological knowledge show that there are strong reasons to keep the knowing how–knowing that dichotomy in technological contexts. The main reasons are that they are justified in different ways, that Stanley’s and Williamson’s ideas have great difficulties to account for learning of technological knowing how through training, and that knowing that is susceptible to Gettier problems, which technological knowing how is not



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,347

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Knowing‐Wh and Embedded Questions.Ted Parent - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (2):81-95.
Knowing‐how: Problems and Considerations.Ellen Fridland - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):703-727.
Knowing that, knowing how, and knowing to do.Refeng Tang - 2011 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (3):426-442.
Knowing-how and knowing-that.Jeremy Fantl - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (3):451–470.
Knowing.Michael David Roth - 1970 - New York,: Random House. Edited by Leon Galis.
Knowing-that, knowing-how, and knowing philosophically.Stephen Hetherington - 2008 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 77 (1):307-324.
Between Knowing How and Knowing That.Carlo Penco - 2014 - Liber Amicorum Pascal Engel.
What our Rylean Ancestors Knew: More on Knowing How and Knowing That.Joseph Shieber - 2003 - Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 11:328-330.
Ryle's Knowing how and knowing how to act.Jennifer Hornsby - 2011 - In John Bengson & Marc A. Moffett (eds.), Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action. Oxford University Press, Usa. pp. 80.
Is knowing-how simply a case of knowing-that?Tobias Rosefeldt - 2004 - Philosophical Investigations 27 (4):370–379.
Ryle on knowing how and the possibility of vocational education.Christopher Winch - 2009 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (1):88-101.


Added to PP

74 (#224,671)

6 months
14 (#185,919)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

References found in this work

The Concept of Mind.Gilbert Ryle - 1949 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 141:125-126.
Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?Edmund Gettier - 1963 - Analysis 23 (6):121-123.
Knowing How.Jason Stanley & Timothy Willlamson - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (8):411-444.

View all 18 references / Add more references