Culture and systems of thought: Holistic versus analytic cognition

Psychological Review 108 (2):291-310 (2001)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

The authors find East Asians to be holistic, attending to the entire field and assigning causality to it, making relatively little use of categories and formal logic, and relying on "dialectical" reasoning, whereas Westerners, are more analytic, paying attention primarily to the object and the categories to which it belongs and using rules, including formal logic, to understand its behavior. The 2 types of cognitive processes are embedded in different naive metaphysical systems and tacit epistemologies. The authors speculate that the origin of these differences is traceable to markedly different social systems. The theory and the evidence presented call into question long-held assumptions about basic cognitive processes and even about the appropriateness of the process–content distinction

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 94,659

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

The Diversity of Cognitive Processes in a Dialogue.Katarzyna Budzyńska Olena Yaskorska - 2016 - Studia Semiotyczne—English Supplement 28:57-94.
Group-level differences in visual search asymmetry.Emily S. Cramer, Michelle J. Dusko & Ronald A. Rensink - 2016 - Attention Perception and Psychophysics 78:1585-1602.
Culture, Class and Cognition: Evidence from Italy.Nicola Knight & Richard Nisbett - 2007 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 7 (3-4):283-291.

Analytics

Added to PP
2016-05-26

Downloads
89 (#189,817)

6 months
13 (#282,653)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?