Inductive logic, verisimilitude, and machine learning

In Petr H’Ajek, Luis Vald’es-Villanueva & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic, methodology and philosophy of science. London: College Publications. pp. 295/314 (2005)
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This paper starts by summarizing work that philosophers have done in the fields of inductive logic since 1950s and truth approximation since 1970s. It then proceeds to interpret and critically evaluate the studies on machine learning within artificial intelligence since 1980s. Parallels are drawn between identifiability results within formal learning theory and convergence results within Hintikka’s inductive logic. Another comparison is made between the PAC-learning of concepts and the notion of probable approximate truth.



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Ilkka Niiniluoto
University of Helsinki

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