Specifying the nature of substance in Aristotle and in indian philosophy

Philosophy East and West 54 (4):533-553 (2004)
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Abstract

: Aristotle struggles with two basic tensions in his understanding of reality or substance that have parallels in Indian metaphysical speculation. The first of these tensions, between the understanding of reality as the underlying substrate (to hupokeimenon) and as the individual "this" (tode ti), finds a parallel in the concept of dravya in Patañjali's Mahābhāsa. The second tension, between the understanding of reality as the individual this and as the intelligible essence of the individual this (to ti ēn einai), corresponds to an ambiguity in the concept of vastu in Kumārila's Ślokavārttika

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