Holistic Cognitive Style, Chinese Culture, and the Sinification of Buddhism

Res Philosophica 100 (1):93-120 (2023)
  Copy   BIBTEX


According to many experiments in cross-cultural psychology, East Asians exhibit holistic cognitive style typified by use of resemblance heuristics, field dependence, external sources of causation, intuitive forms of reasoning, and interdependent forms of social thinking. Holistic cognitive style contrasts with analytic cognitive style, which is common to Westerners. Section 1 presents information on the background of Buddhism’s entry into and treatment by China. Section 2 discusses experimental evidence for the representation of holistic cognitive style in contemporary East Asians. Section 3 presents preliminary evidence for the interaction between holistic cognitive style and the history of ideas in China at large. Section 4 analyzes two discussions of the same philosophical problem conducted by Chinese Buddhist philosopher Fazang and Indian Vedic philosopher Shankara. It is provisionally argued that the interpretive strategies displayed by Fazang interact with several components of holistic cognitive style, in contrast with Shankara. Implications are discussed.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 91,038

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Buddhist Impact on Chinese Culture.Xing Guang - 2013 - Asian Philosophy 23 (4):305 - 322.
The Figure of Kumarajiva in Chinese Culture History.Chang-wu Sun - 2009 - Nankai University (Philosophy and Social Sciences) 2:44-54.
Tsung-mi and the Sinification of Buddhism.T. Griffith Foulk & Peter N. Gregory - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (3):487.
Zhu Xi's Grasp of Buddhism and its Limitations.Chen-Feng Tsai - 2018 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 49 (3-4):186-206.
Theory on the cultivation of cognitive subjects in chinese philosophy.Quanxing Xu - 2008 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (1):39-54.


Added to PP

10 (#1,044,079)

6 months
6 (#231,920)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Ryan Nichols
California State University, Fullerton
Nicholaos Jones
University of Alabama, Huntsville

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations