The Study of Being in Plato and Aristotle

Peitho 14 (1):29-43 (2023)
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Abstract

Usage of the Greek verb ‘to be’ is generally divided into three broad categories — the predicative use, the existential and the veridical—and these usages often inform the way we understand Being in ancient philosophy. This article challenges this approach by arguing that Being is not the product of linguistic reflection in Parmenides, Plato and Aristotle; rather, these thinkers treat Being as the ontological and epistemological primary. Though this may overlap with the linguistic senses, it is not the same thing. The article is divided into three sections: the first one raises several basic issues with the predicative interpretation of Being, the second argues that Being is unified and singular in a significant sense and the third brings out the special pre-immanence of Being.

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References found in this work

Aristotle: The Desire to Understand.Jonathan Lear - 1988 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
The Presocratic Philosophers.G. S. Kirk, J. E. Raven & M. Schofield - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (4):465-469.
From the closed world to the infinite universe.A. Koyré - 1957 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 148:101-102.
The doctrine of being in the Aristotelian Metaphysics.Joseph Owens - 1951 - Toronto,: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.

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