Viii*-the Distribution of Numbers and the Comprehensiveness of Reasons1

Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (2):207-233 (2005)
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Abstract

In this paper, I concentrate on two themes: to what extent numbers bear on an agent's duties, and how numbers should relate to social policy. In the first half of the paper I consider the abstract case of a choice between saving two people and saving one, and my focus is on the contrast between a duty to act and a reason which merely makes an action intelligible. In the second half, I turn to the issue of social policy and investigate how if at all numbers can have a bearing there, if there is no obvious duty on individuals to save the greater number. My proposal is that it is not the bare numbers themselves which explain our intuitions in such cases, but rather considerations of the extent to which each of us can make a reasonable claim on others. In short, I argue: numbers don't count, people do

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Veronique Munoz-Darde
University College London

Citations of this work

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Equality and division: Values in principle.Samuel Scheffler & Veronique Munoz-Darde - 2005 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):255–284.

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References found in this work

What We Owe to Each Other.Thomas Scanlon - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):323-354.
Should the numbers count?John Taurek - 1977 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (4):293-316.

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