Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (2):207–233 (2005)

Authors
Veronique Munoz-Darde
University College London
Abstract
In this paper, I concentrate on two themes: to what extent numbers bear on an agent's duties, and how numbers should relate to social policy. In the first half of the paper I consider the abstract case of a choice between saving two people and saving one, and my focus is on the contrast between a duty to act and a reason which merely makes an action intelligible. In the second half, I turn to the issue of social policy and investigate how if at all numbers can have a bearing there, if there is no obvious duty on individuals to save the greater number. My proposal is that it is not the bare numbers themselves (or even the ratio of claimants on either side of the dilemma) which explain our intuitions in such cases, but rather considerations of the extent to which each of us can make a reasonable claim on others. In short, I argue: numbers don't count, people do
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DOI 10.1111/j.0066-7373.2004.00111.x
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References found in this work BETA

What We Owe to Each Other.Thomas Scanlon - 1998 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
What We Owe to Each Other.Thomas Scanlon - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):323-354.
Should the Numbers Count?John Taurek - 1977 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (4):293-316.

View all 7 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Impermissible yet Praiseworthy.Theron Pummer - 2021 - Ethics 131 (4):697-726.
Saving the Few.Tyler Doggett - 2013 - Noûs 47 (2):302-315.
Partial Aggregation in Ethics.Joe Horton - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (3):1-12.
Contractualism, Complaints, and Risk.Bastian Steuwer - 2021 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 19 (2).
Never Just Save the Few.Leora Urim Sung - forthcoming - Utilitas:1-14.

View all 15 citations / Add more citations

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