Early Science and Medicine 25 (1):22-45 (2020)

Abstract
While scholars have widely acknowledged a reliance on medical language in the political theories of Marsilius of Padua and Niccolò Machiavelli, they have rarely investigated the epistemological status of this appropriation. Questioning Leo Strauss’ claim that Jewish-Arabic Platonic ideas on the philosopher-king could have been a possible model for Marsilius and Machiavelli, this paper aims to show that the use of medical language by Marsilius of Padua and Machiavelli entails a form of political knowledge that is decidedly at odds with any kind of Platonic philosophical politics. This article makes the claim that, in their political theories, Marsilius and Machiavelli break with two key assumptions of Platonism: first, that philosophy as “absolute self-knowledge” is needed to rule; and, second, that philosophers must be lawgivers or legislators.
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DOI 10.1163/15733823-00251p03
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Marsilio de Padua y Maquiavelo: una lectura comparada.Bernardo Bayona Aznar - 2007 - Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 7:11-34.
Marsilius of Padua.Leo Strauss - 1987 - In Leo Strauss & Joseph Cropsey (eds.), History of Political Philosophy. University of Chicago Press. pp. 243.

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