Open Theism and Risk Management: A Philosophical and Biological Perspective

Zygon 56 (3):591-613 (2021)
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Open theism denies that God has definite exhaustive foreknowledge, and affirms that God takes certain risks when creating the universe. Critics of open theism often complain that the risks are too high. Perhaps there is something morally wrong with God taking a risk in creating a universe with an open future. Open theists have tried to respond by clarifying how much risk is involved in God creating an open universe, though we argue that it remains unclear how much risk is actually involved. We claim that open theists need to start developing theories about how God manages risks in order to bring about His purposes for the universe. In this article, we will take a philosophical and biological perspective on risk management that adds plausibility to open theism. We will consider how God can use different risk‐management, surveillance, and redundancy systems in the natural world in order to accomplish His goals.



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R. T. Mullins
Palm Beach Atlantic College

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Emotion and Value.Cain Todd - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (10):702-712.
How to Make a World.William Hasker - 2020 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 68 (3):35-53.

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