Reexamining the Prohibition of Gestational Surrogacy in Sunni Islam

Developing World Bioethics 17 (2):112-120 (2016)
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Abstract

Advances in reproductive medicine have provided new, and much needed, hope for millions of people struggling with infertility. Gestational surrogacy is one such development that has been gaining popularity with infertile couples, especially those unable to benefit from other reproductive procedures such as In Vitro Fertilization. For many Muslim couples, however, surrogacy remains a nonviable option. Islamic scholars have deemed the procedure incompatible with Islam and have prohibited its use. This paper examines the arguments presented for proscribing surrogacy arrangements in Sunni Islam in particular. These include preservation of lineage, exclusion of third parties in reproduction, upholding the rights of the child, and protection from the negative effects of surrogacy arrangements. The rationales for banning surrogacy are subsequently refuted utilizing Islamic law “Sharia”, bioethics, and medical evidence. The paper also presents reasons for why surrogacy is not only consistent with Sunni Islamic teachings, but is also both ethically justified and medically necessary. Lastly, Islamic scholars are urged to take into account the arguments presented in this paper and reconsider their rulings on the permissibility of surrogacy.

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Citations of this work

Beyond Sacredness: Why Saudi Arabian Bioethics Must Be Feminist.Ruaim A. Muaygil - 2018 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 11 (1):125-143.
Motherhood, Fairness, and Flourishing: Widening Reproductive Choices in Saudi Arabia.Ruaim Muaygil - 2023 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 32 (2):276-288.

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