Es Un Ergon Aristotélico " Multiplemente Realizable"?

Elenchos 30 (2):255-292 (2009)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

This paper aims to show that the distinction between two types of body, which is sometimes appealed to in order to clear up the Aristotelian definition of soul, sheds some light on the ontological status of prostheses and on the issue of the “multiple realizability” of life-functions. After discussing the strain that the definition of soul imposes upon the basic hylomorphic categories, the paper turns to the idea of a “functionally defined body”, whose organs are defined by the power to perform their proper functions. This way of talking about the body suggests that Aristotle is committed to a principle of Functional Definition, which allows him to decide dubious cases of kind-membership solely on the basis of the presence or absence of the relevant powers – i.e., without drawing on any further considerations. The paper argues that even if that criterion seems unable to avoid the inclusion of artificial items under the same kinds as their biological counterparts, Aristotle’s philosophy of nature provides independent reasons for rejecting that unwelcome result of Functional Definition. Given the Aristotelian recognition of strong natural unities, which are “one” not because of their material continuity but because of partaking in the same principle of change, artificial limbs cannot be equated with their models. Accordingly, they perfom the same task, but in a sui generis way.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 91,139

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Aristotle and Functionalism.Corinne Painter - 2004 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 9 (1):53-77.
Malfunctions.Paul Sheldon Davies - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (1):19-38.
Łukasiewicz on the Principle of Contradiction.Venanzio Raspa - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Research 24:57-112.
Ethica eudemia I, 5 : É O prazer alvo da Vida boa?Inara Zanuzzi - 2014 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 19 (2):111-128.
The Possibility of Mind/Body Dualism.Mary Diane Morton - 1993 - Dissertation, Vanderbilt University

Analytics

Added to PP
2017-02-20

Downloads
4 (#1,543,698)

6 months
4 (#657,928)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Citations of this work

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references