In Elisa Grimi, John Haldane, Maria Margarita Mauri Alvarez, Michael Wladika, Marco Damonte, Michael Slote, Randall Curren, Christian B. Miller, Liezl Zyl, Christopher D. Owens, Scott J. Roniger, Michele Mangini, Nancy Snow & Christopher Toner (eds.), Virtue Ethics: Retrospect and Prospect. Springer. pp. 81-98 (2019)

Christian Miller
Wake Forest University
With the explosion of interest in virtue and virtue ethics, one set of issues that has been comparatively neglected is how to categorize moral character traits. This paper distinguishes three approaches—what I call the Stoic, personality psychology, and Aristotelian—and critically assesses each of them. The Stoic approaches denies that virtues come in degrees. There is perfect virtue or nothing at all. The personality psychology approach denies that virtues have thresholds. So everyone has all the virtues to some degree or other. The Aristotelian approach accepts both degrees and thresholds. So some people might not have the virtues, and if they do, they might have them to various degrees. In addition, each of these positions takes a different stand on how to understand the vices as well. Using the virtue of honesty as the central example, the paper ends up favoring the Aristotelian approach but notes some of the complexities involved in adopting it.
Keywords virtue  vice  honest  character  stoicism  personality psychology
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on
DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-15860-6_7
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,714
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Virtue as a Trait.Christian Miller - 2018 - In Nancy Snow (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Virtue. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 9-34.
Caught in a Eutrapelia: Kraut on Aristotle on Wit.Sean McAleer - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Research 40:297-312.
Caught in a Eutrapelia.Sean McAleer - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Research 40:297-312.
Harman Vs. Virtue Theory: Do Character Traits Explain Behavior?Chris Tucker - 2004 - Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (1):137-145.
Aristotelian Versus Virtue Ethical Character Education.Randall Curren - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (4):516-526.
Character and Situationism: New Directions.Christian B. Miller - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (3):459-471.
Character and Moral Psychology.Christian B. Miller - 2014 - Oxford University Press.


Added to PP index

Total views
10 ( #883,013 of 2,462,742 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #223,431 of 2,462,742 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes