Does attitude acquisition in evaluative conditioning without explicit CS-US memory reflect implicit misattribution of affect?
Cognition and Emotion 33 (2):173-184 (2018)
AbstractABSTRACTResearch that dissociates different types of processes within a given task using a processing tree approach suggests that attitudes may be acquired through evaluative conditioning in the absence of explicit encoding of CS-US pairings in memory. This research distinguishes explicit memory for the CS-US pairings from CS-liking acquired without encoding of CS-US pairs in explicit memory. It has been suggested that the latter effect may be due to an implicit misattribution process that is assumed to operate when US evocativeness is low. In the present research, the latter assumption was supported neither by two high-powered experiments nor by complementary meta-analytic evidence, whereas evocativeness exerted an influence on explicit memory. This pattern of findings is inconsistent with the view that CS-liking acquired without encoding of CS-US pairs in explicit memory reflects an implicit misattribution process at learning. Hence, the underlying learning process is awaiting further empirical scrutiny.
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References found in this work
Dissociating Contingency Awareness and Conditioned Attitudes: Evidence of Contingency-Unaware Evaluative Conditioning.Mandy Hütter, Steven Sweldens, Christoph Stahl, Christian Unkelbach & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):539-557.
Subliminal Evaluative Conditioning? Above-Chance CS Identification May Be Necessary and Insufficient for Attitude Learning.Christoph Stahl, Julia Haaf & Olivier Corneille - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (9):1107-1131.
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Implicit Misattribution of Evaluative Responses: Contingency-Unaware Evaluative Conditioning Requires Simultaneous Stimulus Presentations.Mandy Hütter & Steven Sweldens - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (3):638-643.
Revisiting the Relation Between Contingency Awareness and Attention: Evaluative Conditioning Relies on a Contingency Focus.Florian Kattner - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):166-175.
Citations of this work
Evaluative Conditioning with Fear- and Disgust-Evoking Stimuli: No Evidence That They Increase Learning Without Explicit Memory.Taylor Benedict & Anne Gast - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (1):42-56.
Automatic Processes in Evaluative Learning.Mandy Hütter & Klaus Rothermund - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (1):1-20.
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