Make-Believe and Model-Based Representation in Science: The Epistemology of Frigg’s and Toon’s Fictionalist Views of Modeling

Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 35 (3):201-218 (2016)
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Roman Frigg and Adam Toon, both, defend a fictionalist view of scientific modeling. One fundamental thesis of their view is that scientists are participating in games of make-believe when they study models in order to learn about the models themselves and about target systems represented by the models. In this paper, the epistemology of these two fictionalist views is critically discussed. I will argue that both views can give an explanation of how scientists learn about models they are studying. However, how the use of models can foster an understanding of target systems is not sufficiently accounted for by Frigg and Toon.



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Michael Poznic
Universität Karlsruhe

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The philosophy of the metaverse.Melvin Chen - 2023 - Ethics and Information Technology 25 (3):1-13.

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References found in this work

Mimesis as Make-Believe.Kendall L. Walton - 1996 - Synthese 109 (3):413-434.
Models and fiction.Roman Frigg - 2010 - Synthese 172 (2):251-268.
Mimesis as Make-Believe: On the Foundations of the Representational Arts.Kendall L. Walton - 1990 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (2):161-166.

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