Oxford University Press (1993)
AbstractThe possibility of proving the existence of God has fascinated thinkers and believers throughout the centuries. This book critically analyzes both sides of the contemporary debate between the two most important living philosophers of religion--Richard Swinburne and D.Z. Phillips--and constructs an alternative solution. Instead of taking sides on the issue of God's existence, Messer argues that behind each thinkers' work, and their attitudes toward proving the existence of God, lies fundamental trust. A positive discussion of relativism leads to a fresh analysis of the arguments for God's existence, particularly the ontological argument. In this way, Messer concludes that they are indeed worthwhile, although not for the traditional reasons.
This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the need or the possibility of rationally proving the existence of God. It reveals a relativity of attitudes towards the Proofs engendered by a relativity of attitudes towards central philosophical and theological... see more
God and Religious Language
This chapter considers various accounts of God, religious language, and the role of philosophy, all of which underlie the attitudes to the appropriateness of the Proofs of God encapsulated by Clement of Alexandria and Tertullian. It contrasts the views of Richard Swinburne and D. Z. Philli... see more
The Proper Role of Philosophy
This chapter examines the proper role of philosophy on the issue of the existence of God and the traditional philosophical acceptance and rejection of the principle of rationality. This principle proposes that the issue of the existence of God is susceptible to philosophical justification ... see more
The Depth of Disagreement
This chapter examines the criticism of cognitive philosophers of religion on the views of D. Z. Phillips about the need to rationally prove the existence of God. Cognitive philosophers accused Phillips of being a non-cognitivist, a revisionist, an atheist, and of cutting off belief in God ... see more
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Moral Antitheodicy: Prospects and Problems.Robert Mark Simpson - 2009 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 65 (3):153-169.
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