Journal of Scottish Philosophy 12 (1):1-18 (2014)

Christian Maurer
University of Lausanne
Like Bernard Mandeville, Archibald Campbell develops a profoundly egoistic conception of human psychology. However, Campbell attacks numerous points in Mandeville’s moral philosophy, in particular Mandeville’s treatment of self-love, the desire for esteem, and human nature in general as corrupt. He also criticises Mandeville’s corresponding insistence on self-denial and his rigorist conception of luxury. Campbell himself is subsequently attacked by Scottish orthodox Calvinists - not for his egoism, but for his optimism regarding postlapsarian human nature and self-love. This episode demonstrates that the debates on egoism in Mandeville should be seen in the context of the debates on postlapsarian human nature.
Keywords Archibald Campbell  Bernard Mandeville  moral philosophy  egoism  self-love  Calvinism
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DOI 10.3366/jsp.2014.0060
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An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals.David Hume & Tom L. Beauchamp - 1998 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 190 (2):230-231.
On the Citizen.Thomas Hobbes - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
Egoism.Robert Shaver - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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