A common line of reasoning that argues against teleological conjectures in physics, cosmology, and especially evolutionary biology, resorts to statistical concepts based on notions of randomness, unpredictability or chance. A conceptual relationship between the aleatory uncertainty of a process and its inherent lack of goal-directedness is often taken for granted. This relies on a misunderstanding of the real significance of stochastic concepts importing a popular semantics into scientific considerations, which leads to unwarranted conclusions. We felt it necessary to clarify terms and concepts involving stochastic processes and why there is no mutual exclusivity between randomness in the physical world and conjectures involving teleological arguments in physics and evolution envisaging a goal-driven and conscious universe.
Keywords teleology  evolution  metaphysics  stochastics  randomness  theories of consciousness  consciousness studies
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The Universe in Consciousness.Bernardo Kastrup - 2018 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 25 (5-6):125-155.

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