In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton M. Littlejohn (eds.), Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence. Routledge (forthcoming)

Ben Martin
University of Bergen
Ole Thomassen Hjortland
University of Bergen
The historical consensus is that logical evidence is special. Whereas empirical evidence is used to support theories within both the natural and social sciences, logic answers solely to a priori evidence. Further, unlike other areas of research that rely upon a priori evidence, such as mathematics, logical evidence is basic. While we can assume the validity of certain inferences in order to establish truths within mathematics and test scientifi c theories, logicians cannot use results from mathematics or the empirical sciences without seemingly begging the question. Appeals to rational intuition and analyticity in order to account for logical knowledge are symptomatic of these commitments to the apriority and basicness of logical evidence. This chapter argues that these historically prevalent accounts of logical evidence are mistaken, and that if we take logical practice seriously we fi nd that logical evidence is rather unexceptional, sharing many similarities to the types of evidence appealed to within other research areas.
Keywords Evidence  Logic  Anti-exceptionalism about logic  Philosophy of logic  Epistemology of Logic
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The Logical Basis of Metaphysics.Michael Dummett - 1991 - Harvard University Press.
Philosophy of Logic.W. V. Quine - 1970 - Harvard University Press.
Saving Truth From Paradox.Hartry Field - 2008 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Philosophy Without Intuitions.Herman Cappelen - 2012 - Oxford University Press UK.
The Foundations of Arithmetic.Gottlob Frege - 1884/1950 - Evanston: Ill., Northwestern University Press.

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