Review of Philosophy and Psychology 12 (4):953-975 (2021)

Authors
Ron Mallon
Washington University in St. Louis
Abstract
Some psychologists aim to secure a role for psychological explanations in understanding contemporary social disparities, a concern that plays out in debates over the relevance of the Implicit Association Test. Meta-analysts disagree about the predictive validity of the IAT and about the importance of implicit attitudes in explaining racial disparities. Here, I use the IAT to articulate and explore one route to establishing the relevance of psychological attitudes with small effects: an appeal to a process of “accumulation” that aggregates small effects into large harms. After characterizing mechanisms of accumulation and considering some candidate examples, I argue that such mechanisms suggest how a contemporary attitude with small effects could figure in the explanation of large disparities, but they do not vindicate the importance of such an attitude since such mechanisms are typically also determined by competing causes. I close by sketching several strategies for advancing a defense of the relevance of attitudes with small effects.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s13164-020-00521-6
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 70,163
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Causality and Explanation.Wesley C. Salmon - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
The Imperative of Integration.Elizabeth Anderson - 2010 - Princeton University Press.

View all 24 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A Model of Dual Attitudes.Timothy D. Wilson, Samuel Lindsey & Tonya Y. Schooler - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (1):101-126.
Polish Perspectives on the Morality of Capital Accumulation.Maria Nawojczyk & Shane Walton - 2004 - Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 16 (1-2):111-132.
The Roots of Racial Categorization.Ben Phillips - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 13 (1):151-175.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2021-02-01

Total views
33 ( #345,689 of 2,506,525 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #119,087 of 2,506,525 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes