Human Nature and Aspiring the Divine: On Antiquity and Transhumanism

Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 47 (5):653-666 (2022)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Many transhumanists see their respective movement as being rooted in ancient ethical thought. However, this alleged connection between the contemporary transhumanist doctrine and the ethical theory of antiquity has come under attack. In this paper, we defend this connection by pointing out a key similarity between the two intellectual traditions. Both traditions are committed to the “radical transformation thesis”: ancient ethical theory holds that we should assimilate ourselves to the gods as far as possible, and transhumanists hold that we should enhance ourselves beyond the physical and intellectual parameters of being human so as to become posthuman. By considering the two views in tandem, we develop an account of the assimilation directive that is palatable to contemporary readers and provide a view of posthumanism worth wanting.

Similar books and articles

Paul's Idea of the "New Man" and Transhumanism.Dušan Krcunović - 2021 - AKROPOLIS: Journal of Hellenic Studies 5:62-69.
Transhumanism Between Human Enhancement and Technological Innovation.Ion Iuga - 2016 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 3 (1):79-88.
Technological Revolution, Transhumanism, and Social Deliberation: Enhancement or Welfare?Daniel Labrador Montero - 2019 - Handbook of Research on Industrial Advancement in Scientific Knowledge.
History of Transhumanism.Natasha Vita-More - 2019 - In Newton Lee (ed.), The Transhumanism Handbook. Springer Verlag. pp. 49-61.


Added to PP

572 (#32,695)

6 months
348 (#5,709)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Sarah Malanowski
Florida Atlantic University
Nicholas Baima
Florida Atlantic University

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Thinking, Fast and Slow.Daniel Kahneman - 2011 - New York: New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Nicomachean ethics. Aristotle - 1999 - New York: Clarendon Press. Edited by Michael Pakaluk. Translated by Michael Pakaluk.
Minds, brains, and programs.John Searle - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57.
Superintelligence: paths, dangers, strategies.Nick Bostrom (ed.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement.Ingmar Persson & Julian Savulescu - 2012 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK. Edited by Julian Savulescu.

View all 49 references / Add more references