Dialectica 37 (4):285-301 (1983)

J. Christopher Maloney
University of Arizona
Metaphors are expressions in artificial, contrived, alien languages, and we understand metaphors by constructing translation schemes linking our natural, literal languages to these theoretically contrived metaphorical languages. The relation between a literal natural language and a metaphorical contrived language is like the relationship between a natively known language and a system of subsequently acquired languages etymologically emerging from that basic natural language. This model for understanding metaphorically contrived language is kin to the familiar model explaining how speakers of a language such as Latin may come to decipher a language like Spanish through projecting to Spanish what they know of Latin without the aid of a translation manual. A metaphor is, thus, seen as a sentence in a nonnatural language, itself derived from and at least partially translatable with the natural, literal language of the metaphor's author or audience.
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DOI 10.1111/j.1746-8361.1983.tb00831.x
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References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
The Language of Thought.Jerry A. Fodor - 1975 - Harvard University Press.
Metaphors We Live By.George Lakoff & Mark Johnson - 1980 - University of Chicago Press.

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