Kinship, Family, and Gender Effects in the Ultimatum Game

Human Nature 19 (3):294-309 (2008)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Kinship and reciprocity are two main predictors of altruism. The ultimatum game has been used to study altruism in many small-scale societies. We used the ultimatum game to examine effects of individuals’ family and kin relations on altruistic behavior in a kin-based horticultural community in rural Dominica. Results show sex-specific effects of kin on ultimatum game play. Average coefficient of relatedness to the village was negatively associated with women’s ultimatum game proposals and had little effect on men’s proposals. Number of brothers in the village was positively associated with men’s ultimatum game proposals and negatively associated with women’s proposals. Similarly, presence of father in the village was associated with higher proposals by men and lower proposals by women. We interpret the effect of brothers on men’s proposals as a consequence of local competition among brothers. We speculate that daughter-biased parental care in this community creates a sense of entitlement among women with brothers, which may explain the inverse relation between number of brothers and women’s ultimatum game proposals. The pattern of results may be consistent with how matrifocality affects cultural models of fairness differently along gender and family lines

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 93,031

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

What does the ultimatum game mean in the real world?Randolph C. Grace & Simon Kemp - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):824-825.
Explaining fairness in complex environments.Kevin J. S. Zollman - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (1):81-97.

Analytics

Added to PP
2013-11-24

Downloads
40 (#410,325)

6 months
6 (#588,512)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

Explaining Human Diversity: the Need to Balance Fit and Complexity.Armin W. Schulz - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 14 (2):457-475.
Explaining Human Diversity: the Need to Balance Fit and Complexity.Armin W. Schulz - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 14 (2):1-19.
Explaining Fairness.Lukas Boesch & Roger Berger - 2019 - Human Nature 30 (4):398-421.
Parenting Styles and Gender‐Linked Drinking Behaviors in Dominica.Seamus A. Decker & Mark V. Flinn - 2011 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 39 (2):189-210.
Cultural Dimensions of Kin Investment.Donna L. Leonetti - 2008 - Human Nature 19 (3):227-230.

Add more citations