Journal of Religious Ethics 19 (1):119 - 149 (1991)
AbstractThis essay examines the justification of property offered by John Locke, considered as the locus classicus of the modern liberal understanding of natural law. I argue that Locke's account of property must be understood in light of the Scholastic discussion of property-in-common, especially in the writings of Thomas Aquinas and Francisco Suarez. Despite very different historical and intellectual settings, I suggest that the Scholastic and Lockean justifications of property share several themes: 1) both discuss the institution of property within the context of foundationally social natural law directives; (2) both emphasize the moral priority of individual access to property-in-common according to need; and (3) both employ the language of justice rather than discretionary charity to describe the social constraints upon private acquisition. I conclude by considering the relevance of this interpretation of Locke to recent debates on distributive justice between Nozick and Rawls, as well as its affinities with the understanding of the social obligations of property in Catholic social teaching.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
No references found.
Citations of this work
¿Puede Haber Una Aportación de Los Debates Filosóficos Sobre Un Mejor Uso de la Naturaleza? Hacia Una Mejora de Los Derechos de la Naturaleza En la Economía Medioambiental.Ernst-August Nuppenau - 2022 - Estudios de Filosofía 65:31-48.
Locke's State of Nature.Chris Lazarski - 2013 - In Janusz Grygiencl (ed.), .Human Rights and Politics. Erida.
Requisitos patrimoniales y participación política en la obra de John Locke.Joan Severo Chumbita - 2018 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 55:337-336.
Similar books and articles
Natural Law, Property, and Redistribution.Paul J. Weithman - 1993 - Journal of Religious Ethics 21 (1):165 - 180.
Justice and the Initial Acquisition of Property.John T. Sanders - 1987 - Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 10 (2):367-99.
A Discourse on Property: John Locke and His Adversaries.James Tully - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
Saving Locke From Marx: The Labor Theory of Value in Intellectual Property Theory.Adam Mossoff - 2012 - Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (2):283-317.
Locke and the Right to (Acquire) Property: A Lockean Argument for the Rawlsian Difference Principle.Richard Oxenberg - 2010 - Social Philosophy Today 26:55-66.
Two Concepts of Property: Ownership of Things and Property in Activities.Hugh Breakey - 2011 - Philosophical Forum 42 (3):239-265.
Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume.Stephen Buckle - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
Natural Law and History in Locke's Theory of Distributive Justice.Francesco Fagiani - 1983 - Topoi 2 (2):163-185.
Clearing the Rubbish: Locke, the Waste Proviso, and the Moral Justification of Intellectual Property.Gordon Hull - 2009 - Public Affairs Quarterly 23 (1):67-93.
Nozick and Locke: Filling the Space of Rights.Jeremy Waldron - 2005 - Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):81-110.
Property, Justice, and the Common Good: A Response to Paul J. Weithman.B. Andrew Lustig - 1993 - Journal of Religious Ethics 21 (1):181 - 187.