Nsa Management Directive #424: Secrecy and Privacy in the Aftermath of Edward Snowden

Ethics and International Affairs 28 (1):29-38 (2014)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Whatever else one might say concerning the legality, morality, and prudence of his actions, Edward Snowden, the former U.S. National Security Agency contractor, is right about the notion of publicity and informed consent, which together constitute the hallmark of democratic public policy. In order to be morally justifiable, any strategy or policy involving the body politic must be one to which it would voluntarily assent when fully informed about it. This, in essence, was Snowden's argument for leaking, in June 2013, the documents that revealed the massive NSA surveillance program: So long as there's broad support amongst a people, it can be argued there's a level of legitimacy even to the most invasive and morally wrong program, as it was an informed and willing decision.... However, programs that are implemented in secret, out of public oversight, lack that legitimacy, and that's a problem. It also represents a dangerous normalization of “governing in the dark,” where decisions with enormous public impact occur without any public input.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,429

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

National Security Secrecy: How the Limits Change.Steven Aftergood - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (3):839-852.
Engagement Against/for Secrecy.Mark Losoncz - 2016 - Filozofija I Društvo 27 (2):419-428.
The Inverse Relationship Between Secrecy and Privacy.Julie E. Cohen - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (3):883-898.
The Gift of a Child by R. Snowden and E. Snowden.Alexina M. Mcwhinnie - 1986 - Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (1):125.
Government Secrecy, the Ethics of Wikileaks, and the Fifth Estate.Edward H. Spence - 2012 - International Review of Information Ethics 17:07.
Can Broad Consent Be Informed Consent?M. Sheehan - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (3):226-235.


Added to PP

79 (#151,914)

6 months
1 (#416,470)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Citations of this work

Justifying Cyber-Intelligence?Ross W. Bellaby - 2016 - Journal of Military Ethics 15 (4):299-319.
Was Snowden Virtuous?Clive Harfield - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (3):373-383.
The Ethics of Online Military Information Activities.Justin S. Hempson-Jones - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (4):211-223.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references