A Discussion On The Ten Major Congnitive Errors

Philosophy and Culture 25 (6):498-515 (1998)
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Abstract

Cognitive, emotional, behavioral, these three basic life history, the past has only emphasized the emotional psychology or behavior . From six ○'s, the other school psychologists from the Yi, they believe that cognitive - emotional - behavior of these three factors, emotional and cognitive behavior is the main reason for the decision. If the error cognitive, emotional and behavior along with the deviation, a variety of negative emotions such as anxiety, depression, disappointment, etc. will appear. This school psychology known as cognitive psychology, they do not deny that psychoanalysis dealt with behavior or other psychological theory on the contribution of the people, they only emphasized the desire to correct people's emotions and behavior of the deviation, you must first correct the personal, non-rational, non- logic of those cognitive errors. Therefore, this article analyzes the top ten errors in perception before describes four most prevalent of psychological therapy: a psychoanalytic therapy, behavioral therapy, meaning treatment, and cognitive therapy, so that those who do not specialize in psychology, the reader, there is a conceptual knowledge and understanding. I engaged in counseling for years, except for a few special cases, the general of the psychological problems of adolescents, almost all related cognitive errors, if these errors, once corrected, many negative emotions will vanish. Of the three basic human processes: cognitive, emotional and behavioral; psychology lays emphasis on the emotional and behavioral theories. Since the 1960's, another school of thought has taken root. This school considers the cognitive process to be the determining factor of human emotional and behavioral processes. If the cognitive process is in error, the emotional and behavioral process follow suit. This leads to problems such as anxiety, depression and disappointment Psychologists of this school advocate cognitive psychology. They do not necessarily reject the contributions of psychoanalysis or behavioral therapy ; they just advocate that treatment of emotional or behavioral abnormalities must begin with correcting irrational or illogical cognitive errors. This article would therefore like to introduce today's four major psychotherapies before analyzing the ten main cognitive errors. The four maior therapies are: psychoanalysis, behavioral therapy , logos therapy, and cognitive therapy. This to give those not acquainted with psychology more of an understanding. From ten years of psychological counseling, I found, except in extraordinary cases, that most adolescent problems stem from cognitive error. If they can be corrected , subsequent emotional problems can be avoided

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Yue Lu
Universität Tübingen

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