Biology and Philosophy 33 (5-6):40 (2018)

Hugo Viciana
Institute for Advanced Social Studies (IESA-CSIC)
Active cultural transmission of fitness-enhancing behavior can be seen as a costly strategy: one for which its evolutionary stability poses a Darwinian puzzle. In this article, we offer a biological market model of cultural transmission that substitutes or complements existing kin selection-based proposals for the evolution of cultural capacities. We demonstrate how a biological market can account for the evolution of teaching when individual learners are the exclusive focus of social learning. We also show how this biological market can affect the dynamics of cumulative culture. The model works best when it is difficult to have access to the observation of the behavior without the help of the actor. However, in contrast to previous non-mathematical hypotheses for the evolution of teaching, we show how teaching evolves, even when innovations are insufficiently opaque and therefore vulnerable to acquisition by emulators via inadvertent transmission. Furthermore, teaching in a biological market is an important precondition for enhancing individual learning abilities.
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Reprint years 2018
DOI 10.1007/s10539-018-9649-8
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Natural Pedagogy.Gergely Csibra & György Gergely - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):148-153.
How Traditions Live and Die.Olivier Morin - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.

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