Divine Creation, Modal Collapse, and the Theistic Multiverse

Sophia 53 (4):435-446 (2014)
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Abstract

Either a ‘best world’ scenario is true or a ‘no best world’ scenario is true. In a ‘best world’ scenario, God actualizes a world that is unsurpassable. In a ‘no best world’ scenario, for any possible world God actualizes, God could have actualized a better world. A ‘no best world’ scenario precludes theism, so the theist should endorse a ‘best world’ scenario. However, a ‘best world’ scenario leads to the highly counter-intuitive conclusion of modal collapse: the position that nothing could have turned out differently than it did. A tentative solution to modal collapse is if the ‘best world’ scenario turns out to be the theistic multiverse containing many universes

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Author's Profile

Kirk Lougheed
University of Pretoria

Citations of this work

Leibniz’s and Herder’s philosophy of optimism.Vasil Gluchman - 2021 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 11 (1-2):37-47.

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References found in this work

Can God Be Free?William L. Rowe - 2004 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 58 (3):201-203.
Theism and Modal Collapse.Klaas J. Kraay - 2011 - American Philosophical Quarterly 48 (4):361.
Principle of Sufficient Reason.Yitzhak Melamed & Martin Lin - unknown - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Theism and modal realism.Paul Sheehy - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (3):315-328.

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