Studies in East European Thought 69 (1):25-27 (2017)

Frederic Tremblay
University at Buffalo (PhD)
This is a translation from the Russian of Nikolai Lossky’s review of Henri Bergson, Les deux sources de la morale et de la religion (1932). The review was published in the Parisian émigré journal Новый Град (Cité nouvelle) in 1932. In this review, Lossky criticizes Bergson for leaving some key problems of the philosophy of religion unresolved, namely that of God’s relation to the world (theism vs. pantheism), that of immortality, as well as that of evil. He also criticizes Bergson’s “extreme biologism” in his explanation of morality, which, in his view, subjectivizes the objects of religion. For Lossky, the symbolic images of the Christian religion are not subjective “fabulations,” but real symbols through which God reveals himself to us. Likewise, according to Lossky, true morality cannot be explained in terms of biological adaptation, but must rely on the foundation of an objective, i.e., Platonic, axiological sphere. (Frédéric Tremblay)
Keywords Nikolai Lossky  Henri Bergson  Morality  Ethics  Philosophy of Religion  Theism  Christianity  Mysticism  Biologism
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Reprint years 2017
DOI 10.1007/s11212-017-9277-x
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Neoplatonic Tendencies in Russian Philosophy.Janusz Dobieszewski - 2010 - Studies in East European Thought 62 (1):3 - 10.
Mysl' and the Intuitivist Debate in the Early 1920s.Frances Nethercott - 1991 - Studies in East European Thought 41 (3):207-224.

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