New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press (2021)

Authors
Alex John London
Carnegie Mellon University
Abstract
The foundations of research ethics are riven with fault lines emanating from a fear that if research is too closely connected to weighty social purposes an imperative to advance the common good through research will justify abrogating the rights and welfare of study participants. The result is an impoverished conception of the nature of research, an incomplete focus on actors who bear important moral responsibilities, and a system of ethics and oversight highly attuned to the dangers of research but largely silent about threats of ineffective, inefficient, and inequitable medical practices and health systems. In For the Common Good: Philosophical Foundations of Research Ethics, Alex John London defends a conception of the common good that grounds a moral imperative with two requirements. The first is to promote research that generates the information necessary to enable key social institutions to effectively, efficiently, and equitably safeguard the basic interests of individuals. The second is to ensure that research is organized as a voluntary scheme of social cooperation that respects its various contributors' moral claims to be treated as free and equal. Connecting research to the goals of a just social order grounds a framework for assessing and managing research risk that reconciles these requirements and justifies key oversight practices in non-paternalistic terms. Reconceiving research ethics as resolving coordination problems and providing credible assurance that these requirements are being met expands the issues and actors that fall within the purview of the field and provides the foundation for a more unified and coherent approach to domestic and international research. This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations.
Keywords Bioethics, Research Ethics, Justice, Risk, Equipoise, Global Justice, international research, standard of care, post-trial access
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy this book $59.14 used (40% off)   $65.98 new (33% off)   Amazon page
ISBN(s) 019753483X   9780197534830
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Principles of Biomedical Ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
Anarchy, State, and Utopia.Robert Nozick - 1974 - New York: Basic Books.
Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes - 1651 - Harmondsworth, Penguin.
The Foundations of Statistics.Leonard J. Savage - 1954 - Wiley Publications in Statistics.

View all 178 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Global Justice and Bioethics.Joseph Millum & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
Justice in International Clinical Research.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (2):75-81.
Community Equipoise and the Architecture of Clinical Research.Jason H. T. Karlawish & John Lantos - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (4):385-396.
Community Equipoise and the Architecture of Clinical Research.Jason H. T. Karlawish & John Lantos - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (4):385-.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2022-02-02

Total views
77 ( #152,080 of 2,520,847 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
55 ( #14,795 of 2,520,847 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes