A Non-Paternalistic Model of Research Ethics and Oversight: Assessing the Benefits of Prospective Review

Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):930-944 (2012)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

To judge from the rash of recent law review articles, it is a miracle that research with human subjects in the U.S. continues to draw breath under the asphyxiating heel of the rent-seeking, creativity-stifling, jack-booted bureaucrethics that is the current system of research ethics oversight and review. Institutional Review Boards, sometimes called Research Ethics Committees, have been accused of perpetrating “probably the most widespread violation of the First Amendment in our nation's history,” resulting in a “disaster, not only for academics, but for the whole nation.” One member of the President's Council on Bioethics went so far as to assert, “There has been no greater damage to academic freedom in the United States in my lifetime. And my lifetime encompasses McCarthy and it encompasses political correctness, both.” Locked in the bureaucratic “iron cage” of IRB oversight, critics charge that researchers have been transformed into a vulnerable, exposed population, subject to domination, that has been likened in one case to a kind of “Tuskegee in reverse.”

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 91,122

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Revolution or Reform in Human Subjects Research Oversight.Steven Joffe - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):922-929.
Gene Therapy Oversight: Lessons for Nanobiotechnology.Susan M. Wolf, Rishi Gupta & Peter Kohlhepp - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):659-684.
Is mandatory research ethics reviewing ethical?Murray Dyck & Gary Allen - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):517-520.

Analytics

Added to PP
2013-03-01

Downloads
36 (#410,354)

6 months
5 (#441,012)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Alex John London
Carnegie Mellon University

References found in this work

The Tragedy of the Commons.Garrett Hardin - 1968 - Science 162 (3859):1243-1248.
Wanted.Rebecca Dresser - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (1):24-29.
Wanted Single, White Male for Medical Research.Rebecca Dresser - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (1):24.

View all 7 references / Add more references