Synthese 198 (Suppl 14):3359-3390 (2019)

Authors
Abstract
Current debates between behavioural and orthodox economists indicate that the role and epistemological status of first principles is a particularly pressing problem in economics. As an alleged paragon of extreme apriorism, the methodology of Austrian economics in Mises’ tradition is often dismissed as untenable in the light of modern philosophy. In particular, the defence of the so-called fundamental axiom of praxeology—“Man acts.”—by means of pure intuition is almost unanimously rejected. However, in recently resurfacing debates, the extremeness of Mises’ epistemological position has been called into question. Rather than directly engaging in these exegetical discussions, this paper aims to substantiate the possibility and plausibility of conventionalist defences of praxeology per se. The proposed shift includes settling for an analytic fundamental axiom and acknowledging the prima facie tenability of other research programs than praxeology. Since conventionalist praxeology is only moderately aprioristic, mainstream economists and philosophers might be more likely to engage in fruitful discussions with those Austrian scholars who elaborate pragmatic arguments for praxeology instead of invoking pure intuition.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-019-02150-8
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 68,916
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Two Dogmas of Empiricism.W. Quine - 1951 - [Longmans, Green].
Two Dogmas of Empiricism.Willard V. O. Quine - 1951 - Philosophical Review 60 (1):20–43.
What Do Philosophers Believe?David Bourget & David J. Chalmers - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 170 (3):465-500.
Two Dogmas of Empiricism Symposium.W. V. Quine - 1951 - Philosophical Review 60:20.

View all 41 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Otto Neurath and Ludwig von Mises.Alexander Linsbichler - 2021 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 14 (2).
Determinism, Free Will, and the Austrian School of Economics.Dawid Megger - 2021 - Journal of Economic Methodology 28 (3):304-321.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

What is Extreme About Mises’s Extreme Apriorism?Scheall Scott - 2017 - Journal of Economic Methodology 24 (3):226-249.
Aristotelianism, Apriorism, Essentialism.Barry Smith - 1994 - In Peter Boettke (ed.), The Elgar Companion to Austrian Economics. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgard. pp. 33-37.
The Philosophy of Austrian Economics. [REVIEW]Barry Smith - 1994 - The Review of Austrian Economics 7 (2):127-132.
Praxeology: Who Needs It.Roderick T. Long - 2005 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 6 (2):299 - 316.
Mises' Apriorism - Tautology or Theory of Praxis?Cade Share - 2012 - Journal of Peace, Prosperity and Freedom 1 (1):65-90.
The Question of Apriorism.Barry Smith - 1990 - Austrian Economics Newsletter (1/2):1-5.
On Robert Nozick's 'on Austrian Methodology'.Walter Block - 1980 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):397 – 444.
Epistemological Problems of Economics.Ludwig Von Mises - 1976 - New York: New York University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-03-13

Total views
29 ( #391,535 of 2,497,786 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
4 ( #171,267 of 2,497,786 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes