Philosophical Quarterly 67 (268):534-551 (2017)

Neil Levy
Oxford University
There is good evidence that many people harbour attitudes that conflict with those they endorse. In the language of social psychology, they seem to have implicit attitudes that conflict with their explicit beliefs. There has been a great deal of attention paid to the question whether agents like this are responsible for actions caused by their implicit attitudes, but much less to the question whether they can rightly be described as racist in virtue of harbouring them. In this paper, I attempt to answer this question using three different standards, providing by the three dominant kinds of accounts of racism. I argue that on none of these accounts should agents like this be described as racists. However, it would be misleading to say, without qualification, that they are not racists. On none of these accounts are agents like this entirely off the hook.
Keywords racism   implicit bias   belief   behaviour   affect
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DOI 10.1093/pq/pqw070
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References found in this work BETA

Beliefs and Subdoxastic States.Stephen P. Stich - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (December):499-518.
Consciousness and Moral Responsibility.Neil Levy - 2014 - Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Bioethics, Race, and Contempt.Yolonda Yvette Wilson - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (1):13-22.
The Importance of Self‐Knowledge for Free Action.Joseph Gurrola - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.

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