Historische Aufklärung und Geschichtlichkeit: Zur Rezeption von Diltheys Begriffswelt in Gadamers philosophischer Hermeneutik

Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte 45:21-43 (2003)
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Abstract

Apart from Heidegger, Husserl and Yorck Dilthey ranks as the deciding stimulator, but also as one of the most important opponents of »philosophical hermeneutics« founded by Gadamer. Nevertheless, Gadamer's »philosophical hermeneutics« sees itself as decisive radicalness and as the overcoming of Dilthey's philosophy of human sciences. Inspired from Heidegger's thinking the criticism of Dilthey and the construction of his historical philosophy of life mirror – as the essay wants to show in detail – Gadamer's adoption of keywords like lived experience, expression and understanding in Dilthey's theory of human sciences. According to Gadamer Dilthey is a leading representative of historical enlightenment that follows a wrong ideal of historical knowledge which can be traced in his terms, too. Gadamer's knowledge of the interpreter's affinity to his text as a necessary condition of understanding takes the place of Dilthey's naive methodologism and objectivism criticised by Gadamer. This leads to a transformation of Dilthey's world of concepts in his philosophy of life into terms which cannot deny their roots in philosophy of existence.

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Hans-Ulrich Lessing
Ruhr-Universität Bochum

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