Just War Theory: Revisionists Vs Traditionalists

Annual Review of Political Science 20:37-54 (2017)
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Abstract

Contemporary just war theory is divided into two broad camps: revisionists and traditionalists. Traditionalists seek to provide moral foundations for something close to current international law, and in particular the laws of armed conflict. Although they propose improvements, they do so cautiously. Revisionists argue that international law is at best a pragmatic fiction—it lacks deeper moral foundations. In this article, I present the contemporary history of analytical just war theory, from the origins of contemporary traditionalist just war theory in Michael Walzer's work to the revisionist critique of Walzer and the subsequent revival of traditionalism. I discuss central questions of methodology, as well as consider the morality of resorting to war and the morality of conduct in war. I show that although the revisionists exposed philosophical shortcomings in Walzer's arguments, their radical conclusions should prompt us not to reject the broad contemporary consensus, but instead to seek better arguments to underpin it.

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Seth Lazar
Australian National University

Citations of this work

Public war and the requirement of legitimate authority.Yuan Yuan - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179 (1):265-288.
Restraining the Fox: Minimalism in the Ethics of War and Peace.Lonneke Peperkamp - 2022 - Journal of International Political Theory 18 (1):110-122.

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References found in this work

Killing in War.Jeff McMahan - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
Defensive Killing.Helen Frowe - 2014 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Cosmopolitan War.Cécile Fabre - 2012 - Oxford University Press.

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