Synthese 200 (1):1-23 (2022)

Authors
Kristie Miller
University of Sydney
Christian Tarsney
Oxford University
Hannah Tierney
University of California, Davis
1 more
Abstract
People are ‘biased toward the future’: all else being equal, we typically prefer to have positive experiences in the future, and negative experiences in the past. Several explanations have been suggested for this pattern of preferences. Adjudicating among these explanations can, among other things, shed light on the rationality of future-bias: For instance, if our preferences are explained by unjustified beliefs or an illusory phenomenology, we might conclude that they are irrational. This paper investigates one hypothesis, according to which future-bias is explained by our having a phenomenology that we describe, or conceive of, as being as of time robustly passing. We empirically tested this hypothesis and found no evidence in its favour. Our results present a puzzle, however, when compared with the results of an earlier study. We conclude that although robust passage phenomenology on its own probably does not explain future-bias, having this phenomenology and taking it to be veridical may contribute to future-bias.
Keywords future-bias  temporal passage  temporal phenomenology  passage phenomenology  experimental philosophy
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-022-03514-3
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References found in this work BETA

Thinking, Fast and Slow.Daniel Kahneman - 2011 - New York: New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
What Makes Time Special?Craig Callender - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
Experiencing Time.Simon Prosser - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.

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