If Place Spirituality is considered as an attachment experience to a geographic place or an “object,” for Muslims this concept can be explained by the sharia or Islamic law. However, in the highest level of experience as a Muslim, one may attach to God everywhere and at all times, without consideration of any place, time, or object. This experience can clearly be understood with the explanation of the three levels for Muslims: sharia or “conceptual knowledge,” tariqa or “experiential knowledge,” and ma’rifa or “divine spiritual experiences” or “spiritual consciousness”. At the first and second levels, one may have a Place Spirituality, while at the third level the understanding of and connection to God might be enhanced, and the experience to connect to God can be everywhere, all the time.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1177/0084672418825314
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,579
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Notion and Significance of Ma'rifa in Sufism.R. Shah-Kazemi - 2002 - Journal of Islamic Studies 13 (2):155-181.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

A Space of Transition and Transaction.Victor Counted & Fraser Watts - 2019 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 41 (1):43-52.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Place of Spirituality in Organizational Theory.Arnaldo Oliveira - 2004 - Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies 9 (2):17-21.
About Human Condition and Spirituality.Adriana Mihaela Macsut - 2016 - Annals of Philosophy, Social and Human Disciplines 1 (1):33-41.
Spirituality and Social Work.Maryann Krieglstein - 2006 - Dialogue and Universalism 16 (5-6):21-29.
Spirituality: From the Mundane to the Meaningful—and Back.James R. Averill - 1998 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):101-126.
Towards Religious-Spirituality: A Multidimensional Matrix of Religion and Spirituality.Sahaya G. Selvam - 2013 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 12 (36):129-152.
Spirituality, Ethics, and Care.Simon Robinson - 2007 - Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
A Systems Model of Spirituality.David Rousseau - 2014 - Zygon 49 (2):476-508.
Virtue as a Benchmark for Spirituality in Business.Gerald F. Cavanagh & Mark R. Bandsuch - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 38 (1-2):109 - 117.


Added to PP index

Total views
9 ( #932,843 of 2,461,809 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #448,803 of 2,461,809 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes